# Stability Of A Floating Body Apparatus MODEL FM 11

The Sci-tech Stability of a Floating Body Apparatus Model FM 11 is a bench top unit designed to demonstrate the conditions for the stable, unstable and neutral equilibrium. The position of metacenter and hence the metacentric height can be varied by changing the weight distribution to obtain stable or unstable equilibrium conditions. The apparatus consists of a rectangular plastic pontoon. The center of gravity of the pontoon can be varied by changing the position of the adjustable sliding weight on a vertical mast.

### Item Description

Study of conditions necessary for the stable equilibrium of floating bodies is important for the design of floating bodies such as ships, rafts and pontoons. In order to familiarize students with the laws of floatation, it is essential to demonstrate the various principles of hydrostatics including the importance of relative positions of the center of buoyancy and the center of gravity and the metacentric height of the floating body. Various degree of heel can be obtained by sliding a weight along a lateral slide rod. Thus different stability conditions can be obtained be varying the positions of weights on the vertical and lateral slides. The angle of heel can be read using a plumb bob and the scale marked on the lateral slide. The Sci-tech Stability of a Floating Body Apparatus Model FM 11 is important equipment for the marine, navel architecture, civil, hydraulic and mechanical engineering laboratories of educational institutions. The complete unit is manufactured from corrosion resistant material. The experiments can be conducted by filling the volumetric tank of the FM00 Hydraulic Bench or any other available standard hydraulic bench models.

### Technical Specifications

OPTION:
Computer based learning software is included to enable students understand and conduct
experiments, tabulate results and plot graphs. The Sci-tech Stability of a Floating Body Apparatus
is an important experimental set-up for any Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics Laboratory of an
educational institution.

List of experiments:
1. Familiarization with the laws of floatation and principle of working of floating bodies.
2. Determination of center of gravity of a pontoon.
3. Determination of center of buoyancy of a pontoon.
4. Determination of angle of heel of a pontoon.
5. Determination of metacenter and metacentric height of a pontoon.
6. Study of stable, unstable and neutral equilibrium conditions
of a pontoon by varying metacentric height.
7. Comparison of experimental results with theoretical calculations.

Specifications:
1. Pontoon, rectangular, plastic, length : 325mm, width : 200mm, overall height : 450mm.
2. Angle of heel scale : +/- 300.
3. Vertical sliding weight : 0.6Kg.
4. Lateral sliding weight : 0.2Kg.
5. Vertical mast height : 400mm with scale.
6. Lateral slide rod with scale.

OPTION:
Computer based learning software is included to enable students understand and conduct
experiments, tabulate results and plot graphs. The Sci-tech Stability of a Floating Body Apparatus
is an important experimental set-up for any Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics Laboratory of an
educational institution.

List of experiments:
1. Familiarization with the laws of floatation and principle of working of floating bodies.
2. Determination of center of gravity of a pontoon.
3. Determination of center of buoyancy of a pontoon.
4. Determination of angle of heel of a pontoon.
5. Determination of metacenter and metacentric height of a pontoon.
6. Study of stable, unstable and neutral equilibrium conditions
of a pontoon by varying metacentric height.
7. Comparison of experimental results with theoretical calculations.

Specifications:
1. Pontoon, rectangular, plastic, length : 325mm, width : 200mm, overall height : 450mm.
2. Angle of heel scale : +/- 300.
3. Vertical sliding weight : 0.6Kg.
4. Lateral sliding weight : 0.2Kg.
5. Vertical mast height : 400mm with scale.
6. Lateral slide rod with scale.

Options:

1. Other types of floating bodies to meet specific requirements of users (for example a ship model) can be supplied on request.
2. A plastic basin of 50 liter capacity can be supplied on request. This is required in cases where volumetric tank of the hydraulic bench is not available for conducting experiments.

Services Required:
Water Supply and drainage.

Overall Dimensions:
 Height : 0.7m, Width : 0.4m, Length : 0.25m.
 Approximate weight : 5Kg.

The manual describing the theoretical and practical aspects of the apparatus, operation, analysis of results, and sample of results will be supplied with the equipment.